You should have a pretty good idea of what your species needs in its environment to be healthy and vibrant. Do you know if your watershed is healthy for your species?
All bird species start their life when they hatch from an egg. These eggs are almost always laid by the mother in a nest that protects the young from predators and the elements. Depending on the species, one or both parents will incubate the eggs until they hatch.
Juvenile birds are covered in soft down instead of feathers and cannot fly. This makes them vulnerable to predators and incapable of feeding themselves. Eventually, these young birds lose their down and sprout feathers, which they need for flight. They may take weeks or months to learn to fly.
Birds can be carnivores (eat meat) or herbivores (eat plants). Many of the bird species that need help on the rivers and lakes of Minnesota are birds of prey - they hunt small fish and other animals to survive. The Bald Eagle, Loon, and Great Blue Heron are all examples of these birds.
Other species, such as the Trumpeter Swan, rely on submerged grasses and other water-based plants for their nutrients.